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Background

Our client is a program charged with coordination of aflatoxin mitigation in the continent and providing technical support to advance the food safety work in Africa. Their role is to provide leadership and coordination for Africa’s aflatoxin control efforts, acting primarily as a catalyst, facilitator, partnership and knowledge broker, project developer and information clearinghouse. Additionally, this client advocates for the establishment of enabling policies and institutions, increased investment, and the mobilization of resources, and acts as a grant maker to support priority aflatoxin control activities. The program will focus on 12 countries to help create and execute national aflatoxin control action plans, and develop, cost, evidence-based aflatoxin control action plans. The 12 countries aim to mainstream the aflatoxin control action plans in their national strategies and are all scaling up aflatoxin surveillance and enforcement.

Tanager seeks to support our client to integrate gender in its food safety work and this process will begin by conducting a gender analysis to understand key gender issues that have implications for food safety. The overall purpose of the gender analysis is to examine value chains to understand gender issues that have implications for food safety, i.e., understand women’s and men’s roles in food value chains affected by aflatoxin and the food safety systems, investigate gender-based barriers to adoption of food safety measures/practices and technologies, and understand the gender-differentiated impact of existing food safety policies, rules/regulations, and laws. The findings of the gender analysis will be integrated into those of the country situational analysis, and both would inform the development of the Continental Food Safety Strategy.

Scope of Work

An important objective for this gender analysis would be to examine the current food safety policy environment in each of the countries to understand amongst many others: 1) the participation of women actors (individuals or groups) in the development of food safety policies; 2) how existing policies, laws/rules and regulations may be having differential impacts on men and women actors along the value chains, with potential consequences for adoption of safe practices.

The fundamental question that the gender analysis will seek to answer is: What are the barriers and opportunities of male and female farmers and traders in relation to food safety and what is women’s involvement in the value chains affected by aflatoxin?

In the context of this overarching question the gender analysis will investigate the following critical areas:

  • Conduct value chain mapping of the value chains under consideration; understanding the food safety challenges/issues at each node of the value chain and exploring the gender dimensions of these challenges/issues.
  • Explore intrahousehold dynamics in terms of the gender division of roles in “farm/household level’ tasks or activities where food safety considerations are key. For example, for groundnuts, risk of aflatoxin contamination often starts with harvesting and post-harvest handling practices (when the nut is harvested, how they are dried, stored/bagged, etc.). Looking at the division of roles in these activities and knowledge of the characteristics of who is responsible for the task can lead to some recommendations on who should be involved in household-level training on food safety practices, etc.
  • Identify actors and institutions that are involved in food safety management, what role these actors and institutions play in food safety, and how they are currently considering gender actors and institutions that address gender gaps and barriers related to food safety.
  • Explore the current policy environment to understand existing laws, policies, rules, and regulations on food safety and how these affects (enable or hinder) the ability of men and women value chain actors to adopt good food safety practices and technologies.

The gender analysis study will cover 12 countries: Ghana, Burkina Faso, Angola, Rwanda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Sudan, Mauritius, Egypt, Mali, and Zambia.

The methodology for the gender analysis will be qualitative. The qualitative data will be supplemented by quantitative data on demographics to provide contextual information on gender dynamics within the country data and secondary sources on gender for example previous gender analyses, assessments, or research papers to inform on proportion of women who have adopted a given food safety practice or technology or cost of adopting certain practices (e.g. time/labor, monetary cost while qualitative data will be used to explain why the number is either low or high within countries and regions.

Additionally, a literature review of the value chains targeted in each country to help identify the specific knowledge gaps to address in the gender analysis.

Tanager is seeking to contract a consultant with the capacity to:

  • Complete a literature review presenting the gender situation in the context of food safety in select value chains per country to influence the next steps for conducting a full gender analysis.

Under the supervision of Tanager’s IGNITE Gender Expert, the consultant will undertake document review of available and relevant literature on gender in food systems in selected value chains in the 12 countries. The consultant will lead the analysis and reporting, which will include information gaps from existing literature as well as recommendations on the possible methodology for data collection. The consultant will also lead the development of data collection tools that will be used for data collection during the actual gender analysis.

For more information including how to submit a proposal, please download the document below (available in Word and PDF versions).

Attachment: Request for Proposal: Consultancy to support Literature Review for Gender Analysis in Food Safety (Word)

Attachment: Request for Proposal: Consultancy to support Literature Review for Gender Analysis in Food Safety (PDF)